Pete Walker, M.A., MFT


Emotional Flashback Management
Flashback Management
Codependency/Fawn Response
Shrinking the Inner Critic
Shrinking the Outer Critic
Abandonment Depression
Emotional Neglect
Grieving and Complex PTSD
The FourF's: A Trauma Typology
13 Steps Flashbacks Management
FAQs About Complex PTSD
14 Common Inner Critic Attacks

Using Vulnerable Self-Disclosure to Treat Arrested Relational-Development in CPTSD

Therapist Heal Thyself

Relational Healing

Treating Internalized Self-Abuse & Self Neglect

The Tao of Fully Feeling  The Tao of
Fully Feeling

Recovering Emotional Nature
Recovery and Self-Pity
Forgiveness: Begin With Self
Intentions for Recovery
Human Bill of Rights
Lovingly Resolving Conflict
Homesteading in the Calm Eye of the Storm: A Therapist Navigates his CPTSDHomesteading in the Calm Eye of the Storm:
Navigating CPTSD

My Top 10 Practices


The Tao of Fully FeelingBuy Now: [Paperback,
e-book or audio book]

The Tao Of
Fully Feeling:
Harvesting Forgiveness
Out of Blame

Complex PTSD: From Surviving to ThrivingBuy Now: [Paperback,
e-book or audio book]

Complex PTSD:
From Surviving
To Thriving

Homesteading in the Calm Eye of the Storm: A Therapist Navigates his CPTSDBuy Now: [Paperback
or e-book]

Homesteading in
the Calm Eye
of the Storm

Pete Walker East Bay Psychotherapist

Pete Walker, M.A.

PO BOX 4657,
Berkeley, CA 94704-9991

Tools For Lovingly Resolving Conflict

This is a list of techniques and perspectives I’ve gathered over the years to help couples resolve conflict as lovingly as possible. When I give it to couples that I work with, I ask them to take time at home to read it aloud together and to discuss each one as much as necessary to see if they can agree to adopt it as a guideline for handling conflict. When I first got together with my wife nine years ago, we spent considerable time on a weekend trip discussing these guidelines one at a time and airing our concerns, enthusiasms and reservation about using them. Over subsequent years, we refined our usage of them, and have evolved a communication style around our conflicts that has helped to keep our intimacy healthy and ever growing.

  1. Normalize the inevitability of conflict & establish a safe forum for it. Discuss and agree to as many of these guidelines as seem useful.
  2. The goal is to inform and negotiate for change, not punish. Punishment destroys trust. Love can open the “ears” of the other’s heart.
  3. Imagine how it would be easiest to hear about your grievance from the other. Say as it would be easiest for you to hear.
  4. Preface complaints with acknowledgement of the good of the other and your mutual relationship.
  5. No name-calling, sarcasm or character assassination.
  6. No analyzing the other or mind reading.
  7. No interrupting or filibustering
  8. Be dialogical. Give short, concise statements that allow the other to reflect back and paraphrase key points to let you hear are accurately being heard.
  9. No denial of the others rights [See Bill of Rights,]
  10. Differences are often not a matter of right or wrong; both people can be right, and merely different. Be willing to sometimes agree to differ.
  11. Avoid “you” statements. Use “I” statements that identify your feelings and experience of what you perceive as unfair.
  12. One specific issue, with accompanying identifiable behavior at a time. Ask yourself what hurts the most to try to find your key complaint.
  13. Stick to the issue until both persons feel fully heard. Take turns presenting issues.
  14. No interrupting of filibustering.
  15. Present a complaint as lovingly and chargelessly as possible.
  16. Timeouts: If discussion becomes heated either person can call a timeout [one minute to 24 hours], as long as s/he nominates a time to resume. {see 1 below}
  17. Discharge as much of accumulated charge before hand as possible.
  18. Own responsibility for any accumulated charge in the anger that might come from not talking about it soon enough.
  19. Own responsibility for accumulated charge displaced from other hurts. {See 2 below}
  20. Commitment to grow in understanding of how much of the charge comes from childhood abuse/neglect.
  21. Commit to recovering from the losses of childhood by effectively identifying, grieving, and reclaiming them.
  22. Apologize from an unashamed place. Make whatever amends are possible. Include your intention to correct your behavior in the future. Explain your extenuating circumstances as evidence that you were not trying to be hurtful.
Two of the most common reasons that relationships break up is irreconcilable damages and irreparable damages. The latter could have been prevented in many cases if couples knew how to use timeouts judiciously. This is especially true for trauma survivors, who when flashing back, can easily lose control to the outer critic and say all kinds of deeply wounding things to each out. Survivors need to learn to recognize the signs of being activated and take timeouts to stop the bleeding caused by a critic on the rampage. Things said in the heat of activation can wound deep and engrave themselves in the psyche of the other in deply trust destroying ways. So much of this needless intimacy destruction will be prevented in both members of the couple agree that either of them can call a timeout whenever they feel too triggered to be lovingly confrontive, or are experiencing the other as flashing back into being overly aggressive.

Timeouts can range from one minute to 24 hours depending on how long it takes either or both partners to achieve good enough flashback management. Timeouts work best when the person calling them nominates a time to resume conflict resolution, so that they do not becoming techniques for dodging issues. Timeouts can be used individually as a time to do the safe “angering out” techniques I describe in Chapter 5 of my book, The Tao of Fully Feeling.

In using this list with couples, I have noticed that those who become most sophisticated around conflict resolution, have achieved significant skill with steps 19 through 21. These steps are about learning to handle transference. For trauma survivors, transference is often a type of flashback whereby we see our significant others through the lens of our earlier caretakers, and by which we project onto them a great deal of our unresolved childhood emotional pain. As such, a partner’s minor complaint might trigger a cauldron of rage, fear and/or shame left over from decades of mother’s scalding and rejecting criticism, or a failure to say what we were hoping to hear may stir up the pain of decades of an aloof, detached father’s neglect. The composition of most conflicts that I witness in my office eventually prove to be 90% re-experienced pain from the past and only 10% from what actually just happened. Said more simply, conflict flashes individual back in a way that makes them emotionally and unconsciously view their partners as if the are their abusive/neglectful parents. Harville Hendrix’s Getting The Love You Want, is a wonderful guide for not only working through this ubiquitous dynamic, but also using it to actually recover from our childhood wounds and enhance our intimacy.

In my experience, the vast majority of conflicts between consenting adults involve a dynamic where both people play a part and have some responsibility for a disruption in their loving connection. Truly healing resolutions to conflict typically occur when each partner owns and expresses apology about their part. For really high level resolution this usually includes an apologetic reference to one’s transference; e.g., “I’m sorry for the amount of charge I had in expressing my disappointment. While I believe I have a fair complaint, the intensity with which I expressed it was out of whack. I’m sorry I responded to you as if you were my constantly withholding mother.”